Rewiring the Traumatized Brain

Is Not One Disorder, But a Spectrum of Conditions


Is Not One Disorder, But a Spectrum of Conditions

If ’re struggling with depression, it may be time to seek medical help. While symptoms of depression are same in children, adolescents, and adults, they’re often different in certain age groups. Symptoms in younger children include sadness, irritability, and feelings of neediness. They may also show signs of worrying or being withdrawn. If you suspect your child is suffering from depression, you should seek medical attention. Your child may also be taking prescription medications that worsen their symptoms.

In Canada, up to 9.1% of adults report having experienced some form of depression at some time in their lives. Although this gender difference fades as individuals age, it can be difficult to detect when it’s severe. Depression is not one disorder, but a spectrum of conditions, with different severity and duration. However, they have some common features and can be treated. If you suspect you may be experiencing a depressive episode, call a hotline or your local health care provider for more information.

For severe depression, your doctor may recommend antidepressant medications and counseling. These methods alter the chemical messaging process in the brain. Although the precise mechanisms of how TMS works are still under investigation, they have been shown to be effective for some patients. Treatments for depression should include learning relaxation techniques and engaging in social activities with friends and family regularly. Depression can last months, and can even last years if left untreated. That’s why early treatment is crucial.

End Child Anxiety

Genetics may play a role in the development of depression. If you have a family history of depression, you’re more likely to develop depression than someone who does not. Stressful life events can trigger depression and worsen symptoms. Substance abuse can also worsen the condition. The main factors that increase the risk of depression are stress, family history, and genetics. While genetics cannot determine the exact cause of depression, genetics can be a contributing factor.

The most common antidepressant, SSRIs, is a type of medication that helps regulate certain chemicals in the brain. Serotonin and dopamine are believed to be responsible for feelings of happiness and satisfaction. But SSRIs are not the only antidepressants on the market. There are other types, including tetracyclics and tricyclics. While SSRIs have been the standard for treatment for depression, some older antidepressants have side effects and are not recommended for primary care.

Among primary care patients who suffer from unipolar major depression, collaborative care may be a useful addition to their treatment plan. A multidisciplinary team of health care professionals will help patients overcome their depression. A primary care clinician will be joined by a mental health specialist or case manager. Recent meta-analyses of randomized trials have shown that collaborative care is more effective than standard care for depressed primary care patients. Furthermore, collaborative care is consistent with American College of Physicians recommendations.

Researchers have documented the positive effects of cognitive therapy on patients with depression. Behavioral activation and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, which include a combination of cognitive therapy techniques, have demonstrated positive results in overcoming depression. Behavioral activation is a particularly popular choice. Among the authors of this research, Driessen E and Cuijpers P, both clinical psychologists, have shown that cognitive therapy works for depression patients. Nonetheless, a clinical psychologist may be required to make recommendations for a treatment plan.

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