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How to Prevent Manage Depression


How to Prevent Manage Depression

Many people suffer from depression, but there are ways to prevent it and manage its symptoms. The first step is to recognize the symptoms and seek treatment. The next step is to reduce stress and anxiety. These strategies include getting adequate sleep, eating a nutritious diet, and avoiding negative people. Another important step is to spend time doing things you enjoy. In some cases, you may need to take antidepressants to help manage your depression. The newer selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a good choice, and they have less side effects than their predecessors. Exercise is also helpful, as it releases chemicals in the brain can make you feel good.

The symptoms of depression may include a feeling of sadness or hopelessness, a withdrawal from friends and family, little energy, and thoughts of suicide. Major depression is the most common in the United States and carries the heaviest disability burden. It affects approximately 6.7 percent of all U.S. adults.

Those who suffer from depression are at risk for heart disease, stroke, and vascular disease. Studies have shown untreated depression increases the risk of heart attacks by 40%. This risk is also elevated in people who suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and general anxiety. In addition, if depression is untreated, it can worsen the symptoms of other health conditions such as high blood pressure and irregular heart rhythm.

The causes of depression vary greatly. It is not a single event or emotion, but the accumulation of multiple factors. Genetics and stress are two of the most common risk factors. Stressful life events such as pregnancy, loss, and a breakdown in relationships can also lead to depression. Other risk factors include drug and alcohol use.

If you suspect that you may be suffering from depression, it is important to seek help immediately. A trained mental health professional can provide an accurate diagnosis and initiate treatment. There are various organizations and support groups that can provide information about depression and help with treatment. Once diagnosed, a patient should follow a treatment plan and work on problem-solving skills and coping strategies.

Treatment for depression is based on identifying and addressing the underlying causes of the condition. The symptoms can be temporary and go away within a few weeks, or they may become severe. A doctor can prescribe antidepressants or refer the patient to a mental health specialist for further treatment. Even though this is a temporary solution, it is still important to treat the symptoms.

Psychotherapy can help alleviate symptoms of depression and help the person cope with daily life. Psychotherapy usually involves cognitive-behavioral or interpersonal techniques. These techniques help the patient identify stressful events and learn to handle them more effectively. Therapy can also help the person understand how to establish and maintain healthier relationships.

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